Presentation on theme: "HAMLET William Shakespeare ESSAY REVISION The Ending ACT 5."— Presentation transcript:
1 HAMLET William Shakespeare ESSAY REVISION The Ending ACT 5
2 RESOLUTION TO CONLFICT In the end of the play, Ophelia dead by her maddness, Hamlet kills Laertes by swapping the poisoned fencing sword Laertes has and hitting him with it. Hamlet also dies at the very end because he was originally hit by Laertes sword. The Queen drinks the drink Claudius prepared for Hamlet with the poison and dies. Fortinbras takes over Denmark. Hamlet has good ceremony as respected man – Horatio lives to tell the tale.
3 Resolution Of the Themes CORRUPTION Ophelia In the end of the play, we see the result of Ophelia being a continuous victim of the theme of corruption within this play. We can see firstly the way in which the gravedigger has a lack of respect for the dead bodies “Hamlet: ‘Tis e’en so, the hand of little employment hath the daintier sense.” – ACT 5, SCENE 1 Hamlet is shocked by the lack of respect and the brutality of the grave digger towards the bodies, which is in a sense corrupt because you’d expect dead bodies to be treated with dignity as Hamlet points out. We then see Ophelia has no ceremony at her deathbed. This is surprising because Polonius is the Kings advisor and she is his daughter– this would then lead us to expect, in those days, for her to have a large ceremony as she is somewhat a “proper lady”. However, instead because the Priest suspects that she killed herself he refuses to give her a ceremony (in those days suicide was regarded an outrage as a loss of faith and you would be unable to be buried on sanctified ground or have a ceremony – Ophelia does get to be buried on the sacred grounds though) Laertes is outraged by the fact his sister is not given a ceremony. “Laertes: What ceremony else?” ACT 5, SCENE 1 The Priest explains the fact it’s suspected Ophelia committed suicide, she is therefore lucky she is even buried on sanctified ground. “Priest: Her death was doubtful; And but that great command o’ersways the order, She should in ground unsanctified been lodg’d” ACT 5 SCENE 1 The conclusion of Ophelia’s corruption is simply a death with no funeral.
4 Ophelia Ophelia has been a victim of the corruption around her throughout the entire play. She is a character who has done nothing wrong but has been effected by others. The first example of this is in ACT 1 SC 3, where Ophelia is told by her father she can’t see Hamlet anymore – the man she is in love with. He in a sense is quite cruel to Ophelia in the way he speaks to her and talks down to her for thinking Hamlet loves her “Polonius:..you speak like a green girl, Unsifted in such perilous circumstance. Do you believe his tenders, as you call them?” “Polonius: That you have ta’en tese tenders for true pay Which are not sterling.” Polonius then bans Ophelia for seeing Haml – truly corrupt as he is banning her from doing as she pleases and she must agree as she is his daughter (in those days daughters always followed their fathers command) “Polonius: I would not, in plain terms, from this time forth Have you slander any moment leisure As to give words or talk with the Lord Hamlet. Look to’t, I charge you.”
5 Ophelia Corruption also exists when Polonius forces Ophelia to betray Hamlet by arranging for her to “bump into” him and allow for Polonius and the King to watch their conversation so they can see if the reason for Hamlet’s madness is love for Ophelia. This is cruel and corrupt as they force her and watch secretly – secret corruption theme. ACT 3 SCENE 1 Polonius even admits what they are forcing Ophelia to do is wrong “Polonius: ‘Tis too much prov’d, that with devotion’s visage And pious action we do sugar o’er The devil himself.” – this means Polonius admits in attempting to do good they are really doing bad by forcing the bump in – CORRUPT THEME, OPHELIA VICTIM OF CORRUPTION THRO’OUT. Hamlet then blames Ophelia and is mean to her, not realising Ophelia was forced only knowing that she has betrayed him somewhat. Ophelia in a way had no choice and so it is unfair and corrupt she is blamed – continously victimised. “Hamlet: I loved you not.”
6 Ophelia Hamlet accidentally kills Ophelia’s father Polonius in trying to kill Claudius. This then leads to Ophelia going mad and shows how she is continuously a victim of corruption as she is innocent in her fathers death. She ends up drowning in a river because she is so mad that she accidentally drowns herself. “Laertes: Hadst thou thy wits” ACT 4 SCENE 7 “Gertrude: As one incapable of her own distress” “Gertrude: Drown’d, drown’d.”
7 Resolution Of the Themes CORRUPTION Laertes A victim of corruption end of play, Laertes tricked into killing Hamlet by Claudius – he kills him because Hamlet killed his father (Polonius which is also corrupt because he was spying and this is wrong – sugar coat quote in ophelia section he dies corrupt too) and led to his sister’s madness – King spurred him to kill Hamlet though by in a way winding him up, questioning “true” love for his father etc. more of the corruption theme and corruption of Claudius – who is a corrupt character. ACT 4 SCENE 7 “King: Laertes, was your father dear to you?” In the end Laertes makes it up with Hamlet and accepts the fact Claudius has tricked him.
8 Resolution Of the Themes CORRUPTION CLAUDIUS In the end of the play Claudius has not changed – still corrupt. Dies corrupt because he dies by trying to act badly towards Haml. A5 SC2 “Hamlet: Here, thou incestuous, murd’rous, damned Dane, Drink off this potion. Is thy union here? Follow my mother.” Claudius symbolises corruption thro’ought. Firstly – murder of his own brother for power etc. When Claudius is regretting the murder (which does not last long, only lasts in confession time, he then goes back to more plotting on how to get rid of Haml. “Claudius: Of those effects for which I did the murder- My crown, mine own ambition, and my queen.” -He cant truly be remorseful, not willing to give up what he gained from it. THUS dies in sin and corruption.
9 Hamlet is a changed character in the end of the play. Thro’out the play Hamlet would constantly procrastinate and never act – there are 4 soliloquy's of him doing this. He considers everything that may happen in the result of his action. He considers death in particular, and says the reason no one kills themselves is for fear of unknown and Hamlet is too scared to kill himself because of this TO BE OR NOT TO BE, ACT 3 SCENE 1: “Hamlet: The undiscover’d country, from whose bourn No traveller returns” However, in the end of the play Hamlet has changed – he no longer feels the need to procastinate and is more accepting of fate – he can’t change his future, what will be will be. Before Hamlet goes to fence with Laertes he says “Hamlet: There’s a divinity that shapes our ends” “Hamlet: If it be now, ‘is not to come; if it be not to come, it will be now” Irony – if Hamlet had taken this instinctive approach earlier a different resolution to the play would have been seen – perhaps Polonius wouldn’t have died, Ophelia not mad and dead, Laertes not dead, Hamlet not dead, Queen not dead with the King dead. Resolution of themes KNOWING WHAT TO DO/CONSCIENCE
Essay on Hamlets Obsession with Death
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Hamlet's Obsession With Death
In Hamlet, William Shakespeare presents the main character Hamlet as a man who is fixated on death. Shakespeare uses this obsession to explore both Hamlet's desire for revenge and his need for assurance. In the process, Shakespeare directs Hamlet to reflect on basic principles such as justice and truth by offering many examples of Hamlet's compulsive behavior; as thoughts of death are never far from his mind. It is apparent that Hamlet is haunted by his father's death. When Hamlet encounters the ghost of his father, their conversation raises all kinds of unthinkable questions, for example murder by a brother, unfaithful mother, that triggers Hamlet's obsession. He feels compelled to determine the reliability…show more content…
The ghost already has an idea in his own mind about his revenge when he says, "But howsomever thou pursues this act, / taint not thy mind, nor let thy soul contrive / against thy mother aught" (1.5.91-93). Hamlet hides his desire for revenge by saying, "There's never a villain Dwelling in all Denmark but he's an arrant knave" (1.5.137-138). When Hamlet finds out that his friends had heard the whole conversation between the ghost and himself, he makes them swear not to say a thing, and intentionally pretends to be crazy. Hamlet's madness also allows him to avoid truth in his pursuit of revenge. Although Hamlet overtly wants to know the truth, his behavior is quite contradicting. By avoiding a confrontation with Claudius and accusing him directly of wrongdoing, Hamlet also avoids the possibility of truly knowing what happened.
In general, however, Hamlet is a man who needs to be in control of his actions and assured of the outcomes. Hamlet does not act rashly, but continuously delays his actions while he tries to obtain more accurate knowledge about what he should do. From Act 1 through Act 4, Hamlet carefully thinks