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Natural Disaster Essay Spm Article

Natural Disasters


Natural disasters cause harmful effects when they occur. Natural disasters can be catastrophic. However, only effects of some natural disasters can be controlled. Effects of events like drought and famine and floods may be controllable through human efforts. This is however this does not mean that with efforts these disasters cannot occur. They can still occur. Natural disasters are as a result of natural processes. They can be said to be beyond human control. Catastrophic effects ofthe occurrence of natural disasters may destruct people from their normal ways of life. When disasters occur, disruption of activities for example farming may also occur. To restore the people back to their normal ways of life may become difficult. There is, however, the need for moral support for the people, financial assistance and provision and distribution of relief food to the people.

Effects of Natural Disasters

Natural Disasters on occurrence have diverse effects. Worst of all is that natural disasters such as tsunamis, drought and famine and also floods can cause death. Many lives have reportedly been lost after the occurrence of natural disasters. Any natural disaster that occurs causes shock among the residents. They keep worrying that such events can reoccur any time. Another significant effect of Natural Disasters is the displacement of people from their homes and usual locations. People have to migrate to areas where they feel safer. Others have to move as their homes and properties are destroyed. The area may also be declared dangerous and not fit for human settlement and thus people have to move to other areas. Diseases such as cholera and typhoid may occur as a result of floods. People are thus likely to suffer adversely as such diseases spread fast in case of floods. Food insecurity and scarcity may also occur as a result of the destruction of stored food and food in farms. In the event of disasters like drought and famine, people have nothing on their farms to rely on. These among other effects are harmful to human beings. For this reasons, Natural Disasters are said to be catastrophic.

What to do after occurrence of Natural Disasters

After a Natural Disaster has occurred, the people in the area need moral support. It is also essential that they are provided with financial resources. Relief food donation and distribution to the people is also necessary. Most importantly, the people of the locality should be helped to relocate in case there is need to relocate from the area.

Basic Principles Of Writing A Cause And Effect Essay On Natural Disasters


Writing a cause and effect essay is fairly simple. You will have to list the reason why a particular phenomenon has occurred and then give the after effects of it. If you are going to write about natural disasters then you will have to list all the probable cause that is responsible for natural disasters. Now this may seem a bit tricky because there is no sure cause behind a natural disaster but when you do some scientific research of past mishaps you will find some common links.

Some of the cause that you can explore:


  • Flooding is a natural disaster that occurs when river bursts and overflows the banks. Many villages and towns have witnessed this disaster and pay severely for it. You can detail the various reasons like human activities of cutting away banks, deforestations or simple heavy rain as the primary cause of this disaster.

  • The second most important disaster is earthquake. Earthquakes happen due to the shifting of tectonic plates under the mantle of the earth. You can high light how human activities like building multistoried building add to the death too of an earthquake.

  • Wild fire is another common but neglected natural disaster. This may be because not many humans perish in this but it is the animals and birds which are slaughtered. Reasons for a wild fire can be varied it is mostly due to the dry weather or thunder and lightning. Sometimes it can also happen due to human negligence.

  • Tsunami is one natural disaster that can cause havoc in the world. It happens due to volcanic eruptions in the sea or earthquake under the sea. Either way it is probably the worst of the calamities and enough to claim thousands of lives. You can include examples of the recent tsunami which killed a lot of people.

The proper cause and effect essay has to have the after effects of a natural calamity. You can write about the deaths and chaos that a disaster brings. You will also have to highlight the country that gets worst hit. The economic crisis and the mammoth task of rescuing the survivors is one major aftereffect. Often the dead bodies decay in unhygienic conditions leading to further endemic and more loss of life. The effect sections should have all contemporary examples of natural disaster and a rough count of how many people lost their lives.

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